Grade 1:13 - Tonic Triads
Previous: Lesson 12 - Intervals
Now that we have looked at notes, intervals and scales, we can start to build chords.
We cam use the different notes of the scale to create chords, for grade 1, the chords are made of three notes and they’re called triads. Chords are at least 2 notes, they usually have at least 3 but can contain more, sometimes many more.
In grade one, we will only need to make chords from the tonic, the tonic is the first degree of the scale, (So in C, C is the tonic and it will be a C major triad). You can make a chord from any of the notes in the scale and we will get to more in the next grades, for now we are only using the first degree of our Grade 1 scales (C, G, D or F).
The tonic triad we are making is called a major chord, this is one of several chord types, again, we will get to the others in later grades.
The major triad is made from the 1st, 3rd and 5th degree of the scale. This is always the case for major triads. These notes can be played in any order, but for Grade one, they are always in order, 1st, 3rd then 5th. This is called the root position. Nice and easy.
Here are the tonic triads for each of the keys in the syllabus, You will be able to make them in more than one place, using the notes we are looking at within grade 1, both on the treble stave and bass stave.
When writing the chords, check whether there is a key signature, if there is not you will need to add the accidental for the F# in D Major. If there is a key signature, don’t include the accidental, they are already marked. This is important in both the exams and real life music!
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